There are some rights that are inalienable, even if you commit a crime. As to whether or not a felon is disenfranchised due to the laws of the state meeting punishment for a crime, the term is appropriately applied here. Whether or not someone loses the right to vote as a result of their crime depends on the state laws. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felony_disenfranchisement
Happily, I live in a state where the right of felons to vote is unrestricted. As far as I’m concerned, once they’ve done their time they can vote, and I live in a red state.
I simply don’t get it when people like Rick Scott so arrogantly deny the right of suffrage in their banana republic hearings in Florida. Fortunately, the people have found their power and have reversed years of injustice. This is especially true in the South where racist lawmakers were fashioning laws targeted for people of color precisely so that they could be convicted of some crime for the purpose of disenfranchisement.
As to whether or not felons are disenfranchised, it is also useful to note that there are plenty of people who are unjustly accused and convicted of a crime they did not commit. “To Kill a Mockingbird” comes to mind. Furthermore, as to whether or not they made a decision to commit a crime has to be understood with consideration of all the information available.
Did the accused have the skills to avoid committing the crime? Every time I consider that question, it almost always comes down to a question of skills, not motivation. People always want to do better, they really do. People engage in all sorts of mayhem if they lack social skills, interpersonal skills and self care skills. This is why I like what I see in Norway. They have a very low recidivism rate of 20% compared to 52% here, and they do because they teach inmates the skills they need to get along with others.